HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY
Punjab is one most populated province of Pakistan and second-largest by area after Baluchistan. It has around 110,012,442 as of 2017 population and an area 79,284 mi² or (205,344 km²). It is located at the northwestern edge of the geologic Indian plate in South-central Asia. Capital and largest city of Punjab province is Lahore The name Punjab means “five glasses of water,” or “five rivers,” and signifies the land drained by the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej rivers, which are tributaries of the Indus River. Punjab province is flanked by the Indian territory of Jammu and Kashmir toward the upper east, the Indian states of Punjab and Rajasthan toward the east, Sindh region toward the south, Baluchistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa regions toward the west, and Islamabad government capital region and Azad Kashmir toward the north.
Horticulture is the main source of work and income in Punjab. Presently around 75% of the region’s cultivable land is irrigated. Wheat and cotton are the chief harvests. Its main crops are rice, sugarcane, millet, corn (maize), oilseeds, oilseeds, organic products, and vegetables. Domesticated animals and poultry are brought up in enormous numbers.
There are many industries and mills in Punjab province. Its manufacturing industries produce textiles, machinery, electrical appliances, surgical instruments, metals, bicycles and rickshaws, floor coverings, and processed foods. Many mills are located in Punjab e.g. sugar mill, textile mills, poultry feed mills, rice mills etc. There are also many mines in Punjab which are contributing a great share in GDP of Punjab economy. Not only this, but the fashion industry in Punjab also growing very fast.
Culture in Punjab is exceptionally rich and endearing. Individuals of Punjab are very inspiring and fun-loving. Punjabi Culture is one of the most established in world history, dating from ancient antiquity to the modern era. The main areas of the Punjabi culture include Punjabi cuisine, poetry, philosophy, artistry, music, architecture, traditions and values and history. Punjabis from various clans, groups, networks and are well known to celebrate every single tradition of their culture with zeal. There are various celebrations which are praised by Punjabi individuals including some religious celebrations and other festivals like Basant, Baisakhi, Teej, Kanak Katai and so forth. Lahori’s are renowned everywhere throughout the nation for their festivals especially for Basant celebration (kite flying) in the spring season.
Punjabi is the provincial language of Punjab and it is spoken a by majority people in throughout Pakistan. The Punjabi language is very rich with literature and Sufis adds more in its literature. Punjabi poetry is famous for its extremely deep meaning, beautiful and hopeful use of words. A large number of this poetry is being translated throughout the world into many languages. Bulleh Shah was a Punjabi Sufi poet and the verse form Bulleh Shah primarily employed is called the Kafi, a style of Punjabi.
Bhangra is most generally known Punjabi music genre and dance. People of Punjab energetically love folk tunes/music, Qawali and Punjabi. The main musical instrument used in this music genre is the Tabla, Dhol, Dholki, Chimta, Flute and Sitar. Famous dance style pf Punjabis are Loddi, Dhamal, Sammi, Kikli, Gatka, Bhangra, Giddha and Dandiya. Many famous songs are written in this language.
36 districts in the province of Punjab are Attock, Bhanlangpur, Bahawalpur, Bhakar, Chakwal, Chiniot, Faisalabad, Dera Ghazi khan, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Hafizabad, Jhung, Jhelum, Kasur, Khanewal, khushab. layyah, Lahore, Lodhran , Mandi bhahudin, Mianwali , Multan , Muzafargar, Narowal, Okara, Pakpattan, Nankana sahib, Rahin yar khan ,Rajanpur, Rawalpindi, Sahiwal, Sargodha, sheikhoppura, Sialkot, Sahiwal, Toba Tek ,Vihari